Elon Musk’s Twitter Will Be Chaos



Tesla Founder Elon Musk has fired three executives at the company, according to reports. The firings include Chief Executive Parag Agarwal, Chief Financial Officer Ned Segal, General Counsel Sean Edgett, and Vijaya Gadde, head of legal policy, trust, and safety. Musk has stated he wants to make Twitter better than ever by enhancing the product with new features. Earlier, he said he wanted to make the algorithm open source to increase trust, defeating spam bots, and authenticating all humans.


Teslaの創設者Elon Muskは、報告によると、会社で3人の幹部を解雇しました。発砲には、最高経営責任者のパラグ・アガルワル、最高財務責任者のネッド・シーガル、法律顧問のショーン・エデット、および法的政策、信頼、安全性の責任者であるヴィジャヤ・ガデが含まれます。マスクは、新機能で製品を強化することで、これまで以上にTwitterをより良くしたいと述べています。以前、彼は、アルゴリズムをオープンソースにして、信頼を高め、スパムボットを倒し、すべての人間を認証したいと述べました。


Chris Stokel-Walker After months spent trying to undo the deal he initiated, Tesla founder Elon Musk now owns Twitter.  Musk has reportedly wasted no time making big changes. Yesterday, The Washington Post reported that the company’s chief executive, Parag Agarwal; chief financial officer Ned Segal; general counsel Sean Edgett; and Vijaya Gadde, the head of legal policy, trust, and safety, have all been fired. Segal has since updated his bio to “former CFO and current fan” of Twitter.


Such sweeping changes are unlikely to be a one-off. In April, when Twitter announced it had agreed to the sale, Musk said he wanted to “make Twitter better than ever by enhancing the product with new features, making the algorithms open source to increase trust, defeating the spam bots, and authenticating all humans.” Featured Video   The entrepreneur’s tweets and public statements since then—along with private text messages released through Twitter’s lawsuit seeking to enforce the deal—detail sweeping but sometimes conflicting ambitions for the company. Many have triggered concerns from people who use, study, or work at Twitter that the world may lose an imperfect but uniquely open online space. If Musk carries through on his ideas even partly, Twitter users could see big and confusing shifts in the platform’s features and social dynamics.


Musk’s most consistently stated ambition for his version of Twitter is for it to function as a “digital town square” that provides a forum for free speech where any person is welcome. That may sound laudable to many, but while Twitter, like other big social platforms, currently tries to remove harassment and other objectionable content, Musk has said he is opposed to any “censorship that goes far beyond the law” and wants to fix Twitter’s “strong left-wing bias.” In the US, this would translate to an ethos of just about anything goes. In late April, after Twitter accepted Musk’s offer, bot watchers saw a flurry of new right-wing accounts and warned that people who had abandoned Twitter after their posts or accounts were consistently removed by moderators were returning to the site in anticipation of the Musk regime.


All of this has led experts in online moderation—including some on Twitter’s online safety advisory council—to fear Musk will usher in a new era of trolling on the platform. “A Musk-owned Twitter could be disastrous for women and marginalized communities already facing abuse and targeted harassment on the platform,” says Christopher Bouzy of Bot Sentinel, a popular bot-detection system.


Musk said at a Financial Times event in May that he’d reverse the ban that kicked Donald Trump off Twitter after the January 6 insurrection, calling the decision “morally wrong and flat out stupid.” But in a private text message he also claimed that “Twitter is obviously not going to be turned into some right wing nuthouse” and said that he will be “aiming to be as broadly inclusive as possible.” Musk has suggested that making the algorithm used to rank tweets open source could quash fears of any particular views having an advantage on the platform. His text messages showed that his interest in the idea may have originated with Twitter cofounder Jack Dorsey, who wrote that the service “must be an open source protocol,” much like secure messaging service Signal.

マスクは、5月のFinancial Timesイベントで、1月6日の反乱の後にドナルドトランプをTwitterから追い出した禁止を逆転させ、決定を「道徳的に間違って愚かにしている」と呼びかけると述べた。しかし、プライベートテキストメッセージでは、彼は「Twitterは明らかに右翼のnuthouseに変わることはない」と主張し、「可能な限り広く包括的であることを目指している」と述べた。Muskは、ツイートをオープンソースにランク付けするために使用されるアルゴリズムを作成することで、プラットフォームで有利な特定のビューに対する恐怖を打ち砕く可能性があることを示唆しています。彼のテキストメッセージは、このアイデアに対する彼の関心が、Secureメッセージングサービス信号に似た「オープンソースプロトコルでなければならない」と書いたTwitterの共同設立者Jack Dorseyに由来している可能性があることを示しました。

Matt Burgess Khari Johnson Simon Hill Boone Ashworth But although researchers who study social media have welcomed the idea of radical transparency in Twitter’s code, they have also warned that this won’t resolve arguments about bias, which can come from other sources, like Twitter’s data or social dynamics on the service. (Researchers at Twitter said that in the US and several other countries last year, right-leaning accounts got more of a boost from its algorithms than left-leaning ones.) Similarly, expert bot trackers have thrown cold water on the idea that Musk is likely to be able to sweep all the automated accounts off the platform.


Musk has also said he would make big changes to Twitter’s business model, which is heavily dependent on advertising. The New York Times reported in May that in a presentation to investors Musk claimed he would cut the contribution of ads to the company’s revenue from the approximately 90 percent it makes up today to less than 50 percent. Much of the shift was predicted to come from a big jump in subscription revenue.

マスクはまた、広告に大きく依存しているTwitterのビジネスモデルに大きな変更を加えると述べています。New York Timesは5月に投資家へのプレゼンテーションで、Muskが会社の収益への貢献を今日の約90%から50%未満に補償すると主張したと報告しました。シフトの多くは、サブスクリプション収益の大きなジャンプから得られると予測されていました。

Jean Burgess, a professor of digital media at the Queensland University of Technology in Australia who has coauthored a book on Twitter, believes Musk will seek to expand Twitter’s experiment with Twitter Blue, a version of the app that, for $3 a month, grants users access to features like the ability to edit and undo tweets. But while that may boost the platform’s business, she thinks it may undermine Twitter’s role as a digital public forum by limiting full participation to those who can pay. Musk’s suggestion that all Twitter users should be verified has sparked similar concerns because many people are not able to safely reveal their identity online.

オーストラリアのクイーンズランド工科大学のデジタルメディアの教授であるJean Burgessは、Twitterで本を共同執筆しているため、Muskは1か月3ドルでユーザーに付与するアプリのバージョンであるTwitter BlueでのTwitterの実験を拡大しようとしていると考えています。ツイートを編集して元に戻す機能などの機能へのアクセス。しかし、それはプラットフォームのビジネスを後押しするかもしれませんが、彼女は、支払いができる人に完全な参加を制限することにより、デジタルパブリックフォーラムとしてのTwitterの役割を損なう可能性があると考えています。すべてのTwitterユーザーが確認されるべきであるというMuskの提案は、多くの人が自分のアイデンティティをオンラインで安全に明らかにすることができないため、同様の懸念を引き起こしました。

Part of Musk’s business plan appears to be to cut costs—and workers—at Twitter. In text messages, he expressed concerns about the company’s expenses and “unhealthy” headcount compared to that of other social media companies. Musk has told investors he plans to slash Twitter’s 7,500-strong headcount by 75 percent, according to The Washington Post—a move that has triggered employee protests and the drafting of an open letter that warns such an action would be “reckless, undermines our users’ and customers’ trust in our platform, and is a transparent act of worker intimidation.” In fact, Musk has already helped reduce the number of people working at Twitter. Current and former employees have said throughout the acquisition saga that many people left the company due to uncertainty or concerns about the entrepreneur’s plans. More than 500 staff members have left in the past 90 days, according to LinkedIn data analyzed by Business Insider.

Muskの事業計画の一部は、Twitterでコストと労働者を削減することです。テキストメッセージでは、彼は他のソーシャルメディア企業と比較して、会社の費用と「不健康な」人員について懸念を表明しました。マスクは投資家に、ワシントン・ポストによると、Twitterの7,500人の強力な人員を75%削減する予定だと語った。従業員の抗議を引き起こした動きと、そのような行動が「無謀であると警告する公開書簡の起草は、私たちのユーザーを弱体化させるだろう。「そして顧客のプラットフォームに対する信頼、そして労働者の脅迫の透明な行為です。」実際、MuskはすでにTwitterで働く人々の数を減らすのに役立っています。現在および元従業員は、買収サガ全体で、起業家の計画に関する不確実性や懸念のために多くの人々が会社を去ったと述べています。Business Insiderが分析したLinkedInデータによると、過去90日間に500人以上のスタッフが去りました。

“I, like everyone, read his texts, and he looks like he wants quick changes to things that seem very important to the company,” says one former Twitter employee, who left during the takeover process and believes Musk wants to “gut” the company. In a private text message exchange with investor Steve Jurvetson, Musk said he intended to do away with the highest level of executives and manage software development at Twitter himself. Current and former employees are split about the impact that a mass engineering exodus would have on the future of the platform.

「私はみんなと同じように、彼のテキストを読んで、彼は会社にとって非常に重要と思われるものに素早く変化を望んでいるように見えます」と、テイクオーバープロセス中に去り、マスクが「ガット」したいと考えている元Twitterの従業員は言います。会社。投資家のSteve Jurvetsonとのプライベートテキストメッセージ交換で、Muskは、最高レベルの幹部を廃止し、Twitter自身でソフトウェア開発を管理するつもりであると述べました。現在および元従業員は、大量エンジニアリングの出エジプト記がプラットフォームの将来に与える影響について分裂しています。

If Musk’s recent suggestions about Twitter’s future comes to pass, taking that role will keep him very busy. He tweeted that his purchase of Twitter was “an accelerant to creating X, the everything app.” That appeared to be a reference to WeChat, a Chinese super-app that allows users to chat and make video calls but also make payments and play video games, which Musk spoke of admiringly on a May podcast recorded after Twitter had accepted his bid for the company. “It does everything,” he said. “Sort of like Twitter, plus PayPal, plus a whole bunch of things, and all rolled into one, with a great interface. It’s really an excellent app, and we don’t have anything like that outside of China.” Twitter has already attempted to break out from short messages, with audio service Twitter Spaces and newsletter platform Revue, but mimicking WeChat’s expansive offerings would be Musk’s most ambitious change to the platform.


Those would not be altogether welcome changes. As Musk takes his seat at the head of Twitter, it’s not just staff members who are thinking of jumping ship. Twitter’s users—the very thing that makes the site a viable public forum, and therefore a potentially viable business—are talking of their last week on Twitter. If their threats are more than hot air, that could perhaps be the biggest change of all.