Elon Musk tells Europe Twitter will comply with bloc’s illegal speech rules



Twitter’s new CEO Elon Musk is reportedly planning major staff cuts of 25%, according to the Washington Post. The new CEO, the self-styled “Chief Twit”, reached out to the European Union last week to assure local lawmakers that the platform will comply with an incoming reboot of the rules on digital governance around illegal content. Penalties for violations of the incoming regime can scale up to 6% of global annual turnover. The EU is due to start applying for DSA compliance as soon as next year for larger platforms.


ワシントン・ポストによると、Twitterの新しいCEOであるElon Muskは、25%の主要なスタッフ削減を計画していると伝えられています。新しいCEOであるセルフスタイルの「チーフツイット」は、先週、欧州連合に連絡して、プラットフォームが違法なコンテンツに関するデジタルガバナンスに関するルールの再起動に準拠することを地元の議員に保証しました。着信制度の違反に対する罰則は、世界的な年間売上高の最大6%を拡大することができます。EUは、来年の大規模なプラットフォームのDSAコンプライアンスの申請を開始する予定です。


Surprise! Elon Musk’s tenure at Twitter is already shaping up to be confusing and contradictory.

サプライズ!TwitterでのElon Muskの在職期間は、すでに混乱し、矛盾するように形作られています。

Whether this dynamic ends up being more self-defeating for him and his new company than harmful for the rest of humanity and human civilization remains tbc.


On the one hand, a fresh report today suggests Musk is preparing major staff cuts: 25%, per the Washington Post. (He denied an earlier report by the same newspaper, last week — suggesting he’d told investors he planned to slash costs by liquidating a full 75% of staff — so how radical a haircut he’s planning is still unclear, even as reports of fired staffers are trickling onto Twitter.) But, also today, Reuters reported that Twitter’s new CEO — the self-styled “Chief Twit” — reached out to the European Union last week to assure local lawmakers that the platform will comply with an incoming flagship reboot of the bloc’s rules on digital governance around illegal content.


A move that will, self-evidently, demand a beefed up legal, trust and safety function inside Twitter if Musk is to actually deliver compliance with the EU’s Digital Services Act (DSA) — at a time when Musk is sharpening the knives to cut headcount.


DSA compliance for a platform like Twitter will likely require a whole team in and of itself. A team that should be starting work ASAP. The comprehensive EU framework for regulating “information society services” and “intermediary services” across the bloc spans 93 articles and 156 recitals — and is due to start applying as soon as next year for larger platforms. (It’s February 17, 2024, for all the rest.) Penalties for violations of the incoming regime can scale up to 6% of global annual turnover — which, on Twitter’s full year revenue for 2021, implies potential fines of up to a few hundred million dollars apiece. So there should be incentive to comply to avoid such costly regulatory risk. (Er, unless Musk’s strategy for “saving” Twitter involves dismantling the business entirely and running its revenue into the ground.) Yet — in another early step — one of Musk’s first moves as owner of the social media platform was to fire a number of senior execs, including Vijaya Gadde, its former head of Legal, Policy, Trust and Safety.

TwitterのようなプラットフォームのDSAコンプライアンスは、おそらくそれ自体がチーム全体を必要とするでしょう。できるだけ早く仕事を始めるべきチーム。ブロック全体にわたって「情報社会サービス」と「仲介サービス」を規制するための包括的なEUフレームワークは、93の記事と156のリサイタルに及びます。 (2024年2月17日、残りのすべてのものです。)次の体制の違反に対する罰則は、世界の年間売上高の最大6%を拡大することができます。それぞれ百万ドル。したがって、そのような費用のかかる規制リスクを回避するために従うインセンティブがあるはずです。 (ER、Twitterを「節約」するためのMuskの戦略には、ビジネスを完全に解体し、収益を地面に導きます。)しかし、別の初期のステップでは、ソーシャルメディアプラットフォームの所有者としてのMuskの最初の動きの1つは、多くのことを発射することでした。以前の法律、政策、信頼、安全の責任者であるVijaya Gaddeを含む上級幹部。

Musk had been critical of her role in a decision by Twitter, back in October 2020, to — initially — limit the distribution of a controversial New York Post article reporting on emails and other data supposedly originating on a laptop belonging to U.S. president Joe Biden’s son, Hunter. The action led to accusations that Twitter was censoring journalism and demonstrating a pro-Democrat bias, even though the company subsequently rowed back on the restrictions and revised its policies.

マスクは、2020年10月にTwitterによる決定における彼女の役割に批判的であり、当初は、米国大統領の息子に属するラップトップに由来する可能性のある電子メールやその他のデータに関する物議を醸すニューヨークの投稿記事の分布を制限することを制限していました。、 猟師。この訴訟は、Twitterがジャーナリズムを検閲し、民主主義の偏見を示していると非難されたが、その後、会社が制限に戻ってその方針を修正したにもかかわらず、その政策を修正した。

Musk waded into the saga earlier this year with a tweet that branded the Post’s story “truthful” and dubbed Twitter’s actions “incredibly inappropriate.” He also doubled down shortly afterward by retweeting a meme targeting Gadde by name — which led to a vicious pile-on by his followers that prompted former Twitter CEO, Dick Costolo, to tweet at Musk publicly to ask why he was encouraging targeted harassment of the Twitter exec.

マスクは今年初めにポストのストーリーを「真実」とブランド化し、Twitterの行動を「信じられないほど不適切」と呼んだツイートで、サガに歩いて行きました。彼はまた、Gaddeを名前でターゲットとするミームをリツイートすることで、その後すぐに倍増しました。Twitter exec。

Put another way, a former Twitter CEO felt forced to call out the (now current) CEO of Twitter for encouraging targeted harassment of a senior staffer — who also happens to be a woman and POC. To say that this bodes badly for Twitter’s compliance with EU rules that are intended to ensure platforms act responsibility toward users — and drive accountability around how they are operated — is an understatement.


what’s going on? You’re making an executive at the company you just bought the target of harassment and threats.


— dick costolo (@dickc) April 27, 2022 While the EU’s DSA is most focused on governance rules for handling illegal content/goods and so on — that is, rather than tackling the grayer area of online disinformation, election interference, “legal but harmful” stuff (abuse, bullying, etc.), and such, areas where the EU has some other mechanisms/approaches in the works — larger platforms can be designated as a specific category (called VLOPs, or very large online platforms) and will then have a set of additional obligations they must comply with.

– Dick Costolo(@dickc)2022年4月27日、EUのDSAは、違法なコンテンツ/商品などを処理するためのガバナンスルールに最も焦点を当てています。有害なもの(虐待、いじめなど)、そのような、EUが作品に他のメカニズム/アプローチを持っている領域 – より大きなプラットフォームは、特定のカテゴリ(VLOP、または非常に大きなオンラインプラットフォーム)として指定できます。次に、彼らが遵守しなければならない追加の義務のセットを持っています。

These extra requirements for VLOPs include carrying out mandatory risk assessments in areas such as whether the application of their terms and conditions and content moderation policies have any negative effects on “civic discourse, electoral processes and public security,” for example; and a follow-on requirement to mitigate any risks — by putting in place “reasonable, proportionate and effective mitigation measures, tailored to the specific systemic risks identified” (including where risks are impacting users’ fundamental rights, so stuff like respect for human dignity and equality; nondiscrimination; respect for diversity, etc., among other core rights listed in the EU charter).

VLOPのこれらの追加の要件には、条件やコンテンツモデレートポリシーの適用が「市民の言説、選挙プロセス、公共安全保障」にマイナスの影響を与えるかどうかなどの分野で必須のリスク評価を実施することが含まれます。リスクを軽減するための後続の要件 – 「特定された特定の体系的なリスクに合わせた合理的で比例した効果的な緩和策」を導入することにより(リスクがユーザーの基本的権利に影響を与える場所を含む」、人間の尊厳の尊重のようなものおよび平等;非差別; EU憲章にリストされている他の中核的権利の中でも、多様性などの尊重)。

The implication is a VLOP would face major challenges under the DSA if it was to ignore risks to fundamental rights flowing from, say, a decision to apply a “free speech absolutist” approach to content moderation, as Musk has, at times, claimed is his preference (but — ever mercurial — he’s also said that, as Twitter CEO, he would comply with all legal requirements, everywhere in the world they apply).

意味は、Muskが時々主張しているように、コンテンツの節度に「言論の自由絶対主義」アプローチを適用するという決定から、基本的な権利に対するリスクを無視する場合、DSAの下でVLOPが主要な課題に直面することです。彼の好み(しかし、これまでの水銀 – 彼はまた、TwitterのCEOとして、彼はすべての法的要件、彼らが適用するすべての法的要件を遵守するだろうと言っています)。

Whether Twitter will be classed as a VLOP is one (now) very burning question for EU citizens and lawmakers.


The Commission hasn’t specified either way — but internal market commissioner, Thierry Breton, has (at least) heavily implied Musk’s Twitter will face meaningful checks and balances under the DSA. Which suggests it will be designated and regulated as a VLOP.


Hence Breton’s quick schooling of Musk last week — when, in response to Musk’s “free speech” base-inflaming “the bird is freed” tweet, the commissioner pointedly rejoined: “In Europe the bird will fly by our [EU] rules.” Musk did not respond publicly to Breton’s schooling at the time. But, according to a Reuters report today, he reached out to the Commission to “assure” it the platform will abide by the EU’s rules on “illegal online content policing,” as the news agency puts it.

したがって、先週のブレトンのマスクのクイックスクーリング – マスクの「言論の自由」基本に応じて「鳥が解放される」ツイートに応えて、コミッショナーは指されました。マスクは、当時ブレトンの学校教育に公に反応しませんでした。しかし、本日のロイターの報告によると、彼は委員会に連絡して、報道機関が述べているように、「違法なオンラインコンテンツポリシング」に関するEUの規則をプラットフォームに順守することを「保証」しました。

“In a previously unreported exchange last week, Musk told [Breton] that he planned to comply with the region’s Digital Services Act,” Reuters also wrote, adding: “The self-described free speech absolutist agreed to hold a meeting with Breton, a former French finance minister, in the coming weeks, [per] two EU officials familiar with the discussions.” A spokesman for commissioner Breton confirmed Reuters’ reporting — but did not offer any further detail about what was (or will be) discussed.


In theory, Musk could seek to comply with the letter of the EU law on illegal content — such as by ensuring that the necessary “notice and action” mechanisms are in place for handling illegal content under the DSA; and providing adequate information to users on any restrictions and/or other types of interventions applied — while ignoring lawmakers’ wider expectations and civic duty entreaties to act responsibly vis-à-vis risks attached to fuzzier types of not-illegal but typically toxic and/or socially damaging content (such as targeted abuse and harassment), and still try to claim that’s compliance.


One concerning sign, for the future quality of information that’s being surfaced on Twitter, is a rumor that Musk intends to charge users to be verified and remove existing verifications from any users who won’t pay up — which, depending on how it’s applied/policed, risks being a boon to scammers/fraudsters/imposters, and so on (who could simply pay to claim a temporary stamp of faux authority, in the form of a verification badge, while public service–oriented individuals, such as journalists, might be less able to afford to pay Musk for ongoing verification). In a sweep, a switch to paid verifications could thus degrade the accessibility of quality public information on Twitter by making it harder for users to sift genuine sources from impersonators and other types of disinformation peddlers.


Elon Musk’s plan to charge for Twitter verification will be a misinformation nightmare At the time of writing, Twitter had not responded to questions about Musk’s interaction with Breton last week — or about the agenda of his forthcoming meeting with the EU. So it remains to be seen how he’s going to play this one.

Twitterの検証を請求するElon Muskの計画は、執筆時点での誤った情報の悪夢になります。Twitterは先週のBretonとのMuskの相互作用についての質問、またはEUとの今後の会議の議題についての質問に答えていませんでした。ですから、彼がこれをどのように演奏するのかはまだ分からない。

But — so far at least — the public noises Musk’s been making in response to EU outreach have been surprisingly, er, compliant-sounding. So he’s either planning to contradict himself (on the “free speech absolutism” side), or he’s playing for time — by telling the EU what it wants to hear while getting on with doing the opposite behind closed doors (i.e., ripping up Twitter’s trust & safety resource).

しかし、少なくともこれまでのところ、EUのアウトリーチに応じてマスクが行ってきた公共の騒音は、驚くべきことに、準拠したサウンドでした。そのため、彼は自分自身と矛盾することを計画している(「フリースピーチ絶対主義」側で)か、彼がしばらくの間遊んでいる – EUに、密室で反対側をしている間に聞きたいことを伝えることによって(つまり、Twitterの信頼を引き裂く&安全リソース)。

There is undoubtedly danger here, for the bloc and its citizens generally — and for the Commission, specifically, as the key enforcer of major parts of the DSA.


If Musk ends up essentially trolling the EU’s shiny new rulebook — by trying to fly an intentionally under-resourced Twitter under the bloc’s radar and ignoring wider societal harms that could fast-follow denuded T&Cs tacitly sanctioning toxic speech — it could not just take the shine off the EU’s newly minted digital rulebook but also undermine the whole reboot.

ムスクがEUの光沢のある新しいルールブックを本質的にトローリングすることになった場合 – 意図的に資源不足のTwitterをブロックのレーダーの下で飛行させようとして、より速いフォローがT&Cを排除する可能性のあるより広い社会的害を無視して、毒物を無毒に制裁することができます。EUの新しく造られたデジタルルールブックから外れているだけでなく、再起動全体も損なわれます。

That said, the Commission does have some leeway here, as the DSA allows it to factor in a range of information as it takes decisions on designating VLOPs — which triggers the extra leverage of systemic risk mitigation requirements. (“The Commission shall take its decision on the basis of data reported by the provider of the online platform or of the online search engine pursuant to Article 24(2) [of the DSA], or information requested pursuant to Article 24(3) or any other information available to the Commission,” runs Article 33 — emphasis ours.) So — on paper — the EU does have tools it can use to shrink the risk posed by Musk owning Twitter by saddling his platform with extra layers of accountability red tape.

とはいえ、DSAは、体系的リスク軽減要件の余分なレバレッジをトリガーするVLOPの指定に関する決定を必要とするため、DSAがさまざまな情報を考慮に入れることができるため、ここにある程度の余裕があります。(「委員会は、オンラインプラットフォームのプロバイダーまたはオンライン検索エンジンのプロバイダーによって報告されたデータに基づいて決定を下すものとします。または、委員会が利用できるその他の情報は、第33条を実行します – 私たちのものを強調します。)そう – 紙の上に、EUには、説明責任の余分なレイヤーでプラットフォームをサドードすることでTwitterを所有するリスクを縮小するために使用できるツールがありますテープ。

If Musk still just ignores these requirements, then the EU could plausibly resort to appropriately large penalties and sanctions. And a heavily leveraged billionaire can’t swallow that many fines and still be able to service the big debt he’s taken on in order to buy Twitter.


The Commission will certainly be under huge pressure to ensure the DSA delivers by keeping platforms accountable when it comes to acting on and reining in harms — and online hate and harassment do, at least, tend to be fairly visible harms. Making negative impacts harder to conceal/harder for regulators to ignore. So it’s also possible that a misbehaving Musk might actually help EU lawmakers screw their courage to the sticking place when it comes to enforcement against platforms’ systemic, societal risks.


After all, he’s a polarizing figure — and attracts plenty of hate himself — while his love of shitposting and trolling regulators raises the risk he’ll make very public missteps that make it easier for the Commission to enforce against such an obvious target.


There is also already a clamor over Musk’s Twitter takeover in Europe. A number of European civil society groups are calling for action over the billionaire’s ownership of the platform. A dozen NGOs, led by Defend Democracy, have penned an open letter to the EU — highlighting what they describe as the “alarming implications for democracy and security.” So plenty of external eyes will be trained on Musk — watching and waiting for any fresh missteps.

また、ヨーロッパでのマスクのTwitterテイクオーバーをめぐる叫びもあります。多くのヨーロッパの市民社会グループが、億万長者のプラットフォームの所有権をめぐる行動を求めています。Defend Democracyが率いるDozen NGOは、EUに公開された手紙を書きました。したがって、たくさんの外部の目がムスクで訓練されます – 新鮮な失敗を見て待っています。

Top of the list of concerns raised by the NGOs is “global security” — with the letter pointing to Musk’s recent amplification of Kremlin narratives geared at undermining Ukraine’s territorial integrity; his threats to terminate Starlink service in Ukraine; and public support he’s expressed for China, where the letter notes he has “substantial economic interests” by “suggesting that Beijing should be handed some control over Taiwan.” The NGOs also raise concerns over online standards and safeguards — raising the sacking of Gadde; pointing to reports of plans for mass Twitter sackings; and flagging concerns that Musk will unban former U.S. president Donald Trump, who was permanently banned after the U.S. capital riots in January 2021.


“The announcement of major staff cuts, the lifting of account bans and the rejection of content moderation is directly contrary to the letter and spirit of new EU legislation adopted earlier this year that seeks to make big tech companies take greater responsibility for hate speech and disinformation on their platforms,” they argue.


They further warn over what Musk-owned Twitter’s implications for users’ data security and privacy — warning over his “apparent closeness to a number of repressive regimes, and given his dismissive attitude to enforcing applicable legislation on a range of public policies” — before suggesting: “This could impact the work and lives of democratic politicians, human rights activists, democracy defenders, journalists, lawyers, disinformation experts, minorities and ordinary citizens everywhere.” The NGOs’ letter, which is addressed to the presidents of the Commission, Council and Parliament, calls on the EU institutions to undertake “an urgent security and regulatory review of this takeover,” adding: “We demand urgent and adequate measures to protect European citizens, democracy and security from its harmful implications.” We reached out to the Commission, Council and Parliament for comment on the NGOs’ call for an urgent review of Musk’s ownership of Twitter — but at the time of writing, none of the EU institutions have responded.

彼らはさらに、ユーザーのデータセキュリティとプライバシーに対するムスクが所有しているTwitterの影響についてさらに警告します。これは、「多くの抑圧的な体制との彼の明らかな近さ、そしてさまざまな公共政策に関する適用される法律を施行するための彼の軽missiv的な態度を与えられた」ことを提案する前に警告します。 「これは、民主党の政治家、人権活動家、民主主義の擁護者、ジャーナリスト、弁護士、偽情報の専門家、少数民族、普通の市民の仕事と生活に影響を与える可能性があります。」委員会、評議会、議会の大統領に宛てられたNGOの手紙は、EU機関に「この買収の緊急の安全と規制のレビュー」を引き受けるよう呼びかけ、「ヨーロッパを保護するために緊急かつ適切な措置を要求しますその有害な意味から市民、民主主義、安全保障。」私たちは、委員会、評議会、議会に連絡して、MuskのTwitterの所有権の緊急のレビューを求めるNGOの呼びかけについてコメントしましたが、執筆時点では、EU機関は誰も回答していません。

Europe schools Elon Musk that Twitter’s wings are already clipped Will Elon Musk put Twitter on a collision course with global speech regulators?

ヨーロッパの学校Elon Musk Twitterの翼がすでに切り取られていると、Elon MuskはTwitterをグローバルな音声規制当局との衝突コースに置きますか?